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chum kiu
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91 The whole sequence from the DING SAU is now repeated on the other side to complete the first third of Chum Kiu. Open the hands and raise the arms up in front of the chest keeping them relaxed.

92 Lift the arms, still relaxed to a DOUBLE DING SAU position, wrists at shoulder level with the forearms slightly forward of the vertical and the hands pointing forward.

93 From the DING SAU position project the palm heels forward with the arms relaxed.

94 Thrust both hands out, energy expressed in the last few inches in the palm heels of the hands as a strike.

95 Turn toward a right stance bringing both arms into a double LAN SAU position with the right arm on top.

96 Complete the 90-degree turn into the right stance with all of your weight on the left leg. Forearms are horizontal in the LAN SAU, fingertips to elbows without the forearms touching and held at high chest level below the height of the shoulders,

97 Shift your weight toward the right leg as you initiate a 180-degree turn into a left stance maintaining the double LAN SAU position with the right arm on top.

98 Both feet turn as you pivot on you heels, keeping your stance low throughout the movement. As you complete the turn into the left stance all of your weight is now shifted onto the right leg.

99 Return to the right stance keeping the double LAN SAU position. Remember through all of these turning movements to concentrate on every point of importance that has been mentioned from feet to fingertip, and apply all details to every move, never become complacent in your attitude to the practise of the form as it can only lead to a lack of understanding of your basic techniques and therefore restricting your progress in Wing Chun, maximise your potential by always training seriously and only be satisfied with perfection.

100 Relax the hands out as you drop the elbows down toward the centreline.

101 The arms stop in the double DING SAU position with the forearms parallel and the hands relaxed.

102 Turn the hands palm up, changing the double DING SAU into double TAN SAU.

103 Turn the left hand to face down as the arm is drawn back toward the body, the right forearm drops slightly while the hand angles down from the wrist.

104 Focus energy in the wrists of both hands and pull the left wrist back and down onto the right elbow as a JUT SAU energy.

105 Repeat the TOK SAU and JUT SAU alternating the hands, drawing the right arm back toward the body as the forearm rotates so the palm faces down while the left arm extends out with the elbow coming in toward the centreline and the hand turns to face palm up.

106 The left TOK SAU and right JUT SAU energies are expressed simultaneously. The tensions created in the last few inches of the movement develops opposing directional energies that if applied to a straight arm correctly could dislocate an elbow or shoulder.

107 Relax the arms and rotate the forearms to bring the left hand palm up and the right palm facing down. This has the effect of aligning the elbows correctly and simplifying the TOK SAU and JUT SAU movements.

108 Apply energy as a left JUT SAU and right TOK SAU in the last few inches of the movement, completing the sequence of three alternating TOK SAU and JUT SAU energies.

109 Change the left hand to a vertical palm and push it out relaxed along the centreline, at the same time the right hand drops and is brought back passively along the centreline underneath the left hand.

110 The left arm is thrust out as a VERTICAL PALM STRIKE, while the right arm is brought back relaxed as a WU SAU.

111 Relax the left arm and drop it slightly to allow the right hand to progress out along the centreline as a vertical palm.

112 Execute a VERTICAL PALM STRIKE, concentrate on focusing your energy in the last few inches while assuming the WU SAU position with the left arm without undue tension.

113 Relax the tension in the right arm and bring it back toward the body dropping slightly, the left hand as a vertical palm is pushed out along the centreline for the third and final palm strike.

114 The left hand is pushed out relaxed until it is a few inches from full extension while the right arm, instead of returning to a WU SAU, continues back toward the rest position.

115 Complete the VERTICAL PALM STRIKE using total tension in the left arm as the right arm comes to rest at the side of the chest in an active movement focusing energy in the elbow.

116 Bring the left arm horizontally across the chest forming a LAN SAU position while maintaining the right arm in the rest position, relaxed as you initiate a turn into a left stance.

117 Gradually shift your weight onto the right leg while turning in your stance, keep the left arm in a LAN SAU position square onto the body.

118 Complete the turn into the left stance with all the weight on the right leg, total tension expressed in the LAN SAU and the stance. Correct position is essential to understand the energy involved, its direction and use, failure to do so will result in a void in your Wing Chun knowledge, not only in how a technique works but more importantly how you develop as an individual.

119 Bring the right arm out onto the left LAN SAU as a TAN SAU, wrist on the centreline. Shift your weight toward the left leg as you turn, lift the left elbow as the wrist is extended forward, the right hand changes to a vertical position. The only tension in the body is that necessary to hold the required posture.

120 With a completed turn into a right stance, the left arm is held as a TURNING BONG SAU, elbow at shoulder level and the forearm angled down and forward from the elbow. The right arm is in a WU SAU, hand and fingers vertical with the palm parallel with the centreline, the wrist held halfway between the body and the left forearm.

121 Relax the arms slightly from their positions as you begin to shift your weight to change to a left stance.

122 When all of your weight has transferred onto the right leg, the change to a left stance is complete. The right arm is brought back actively To the rest position at the side of the chest while the left arm returns to the LAN SAU with total tension throughout, linking the energy of the stance to that of the arm and concentrating it in the elbow, in application this energy protects your elbow against control by an opponent.

123 The sequence of alternating TURNING BONG SAU and LAN SAU begins for the second time by bringing the right arm out as a TAN SAUon the centreline on top of the left LAN SAU. Then as the stance starts to shift with the weight passing onto the left leg the left arm relaxes from the LAN SAU position and the elbow is lifted while the wrist is extended out, the right arm is brought out forward with the hand vertical.

124 Complete the move into the right stance with left arm in a TURNING BONG SAU and the right arm as a WU SAU. Check all stance and arm positions; remember only to be satisfied with perfection, though not forgetting to appreciate your own progress as criticism is not always negative.

125 Return your weight toward the right leg as you start the turn into a left stance while relaxing the arms from their positions. Feel the changes from relaxation to tension when you alternate between the TURNING BONG SAU and LAN SAU. Developing your sense of relaxation can be very difficult, if you slow the moves down considerably when first learning you emphasize the relaxed phase, enabling a greater understanding of the moment of transition into tension and therefore a refinement of your use of energy.

126 Complete the left stance with the left arm in a LAN SAU position, expressing energy throughout the arm and stance, concentrated in the elbow while the right arm is brought back to the rest position at the side of the chest.

127 Begin the sequence for the third and final time with the right arm brought out as a TAN SAU on the centreline and touching the left LAN SAU. Shift your weight and begin to turn to a right stance, pivoting on your heels. Relax the arms out forward ready to assume the left TURNING BONG SAU and WU SAU positions.

128 Complete the turn into the right stance with all of the weight on the left leg and the feet parallel. The left TURNING BONG SAU and right WU SAU are held in position relaxed.

129 Initiate the turn to a left stance and relax the arms slightly from their positions.

130 Complete the turn using correct energy throughout the stance and LAN SAU. Check all positions and alignments, keeping the eyes looking horizontally directly out along the centreline. All of the way through Chum Kiu keep your eyes serious, always horizontal and concentrated out along the centreline, this will also help you check your position when shifting the stance through 180 and 90-degrees, start Chum Kiu parallel with a wall and use the square nature of the room to give precise reference points to guide your understanding of your movements between stances.

131 Bring the right arm out to rest on the left LAN SAU as a vertical fist.

132 Hold the stance and vertical fist position and drop the left elbow so that a left TAN SAU position is formed.

133 Immediately after the TAN SAU position is formed execute a right CENTRELINE PUNCH, while the left arm is brought back to the rest position at the side of the chest.

134 Relax the tension in the right arm and begin t bring it across the chest horizontally, initiating a BIU SAU movement as you return to a forward neutral stance. The left arm remains in the rest position.

135 When the forward neutral stance is complete the arm continues its horizontal path, remember that it is the palm heel of the hand that is the striking area so concentrate on understanding the direction of its energy.

136 The BIU SAU is complete with the PALM HEEL STRIKE, the arm is straight and in line with the shoulders, the direction of the energy is sideways following the eyes.

137 Relax the arm from the BIU SAU position, bringing the wrist back toward the centreline dropping as it travels.

138 As it arrives onto the centreline, energy is expressed in the last few inches as a JAM SAU, the hand and fingers are vertical and the thumb is bent, tension throughout the arm.

139 Maintain the right arm position; bring the left hand out palm up with the wrist on top of the right wrist, the fingers pointing forward.

140 Push the left hand out, palm up, along the centreline as the right arm begins to be pulled back to the rest position.

141 Extend the left arm out as a palm up BIU GEE with the energy expressed at the fingertips in the last few inches while the right arm returns to the rest position at the side of the chest.

142 With the arm locked out straight pull the fingers back creating tension in the forearm and slowly rotate the hand as a HUEN SAU.

143 Continue the tension in the HUEN SAU until the hand reaches a natural stop point then relax.

144 When the hand relaxes close the hand as a horizontal fist. Snapping the hand shut can help you to train a fast grabbing technique linked to the powerful grip that is developed by the HUEN SAU exercise, this can be used in control techniques, especially in LAP SAU and GUM SAU’s, though it should be understood not as a secret application, only as a by-product of the movement.

145 Pull the left arm back to the rest position at the side of the chest. This completes the first third of Chum Kiu.

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