91 The whole
sequence from the DING SAU is now repeated on the other side to complete
the first third of Chum Kiu. Open the hands and raise the arms up
in front of the chest keeping them relaxed.
92 Lift the arms,
still relaxed to a DOUBLE DING SAU position, wrists at shoulder level
with the forearms slightly forward of the vertical and the hands pointing
93 From the DING
SAU position project the palm heels forward with the arms relaxed.
94 Thrust both hands
out, energy expressed in the last few inches in the palm heels of
the hands as a strike.
95 Turn toward a
right stance bringing both arms into a double LAN SAU position with
the right arm on top.
96 Complete the
90-degree turn into the right stance with all of your weight on the
left leg. Forearms are horizontal in the LAN SAU, fingertips to elbows
without the forearms touching and held at high chest level below the
height of the shoulders,
97 Shift your weight
toward the right leg as you initiate a 180-degree turn into a left
stance maintaining the double LAN SAU position with the right arm
98 Both feet turn
as you pivot on you heels, keeping your stance low throughout the
movement. As you complete the turn into the left stance all of your
weight is now shifted onto the right leg.
99 Return to the
right stance keeping the double LAN SAU position. Remember through
all of these turning movements to concentrate on every point of importance
that has been mentioned from feet to fingertip, and apply all details
to every move, never become complacent in your attitude to the practise
of the form as it can only lead to a lack of understanding of your
basic techniques and therefore restricting your progress in Wing Chun,
maximise your potential by always training seriously and only be satisfied
100 Relax the hands
out as you drop the elbows down toward the centreline.
101 The arms stop
in the double DING SAU position with the forearms parallel and the
102 Turn the hands
palm up, changing the double DING SAU into double TAN
103 Turn the left
hand to face down as the arm is drawn back toward the body, the right
forearm drops slightly while the hand angles down from the wrist.
104 Focus energy
in the wrists of both hands and pull the left wrist back and down
onto the right elbow as a JUT SAU energy.
105 Repeat the TOK
SAU and JUT SAU alternating the hands, drawing the right arm back
toward the body as the forearm rotates so the palm faces down while
the left arm extends out with the elbow coming in toward the centreline
and the hand turns to face palm up.
106 The left TOK
SAU and right JUT SAU energies are expressed simultaneously. The tensions
created in the last few inches of the movement develops opposing directional
energies that if applied to a straight arm correctly could dislocate
an elbow or shoulder.
107 Relax the arms
and rotate the forearms to bring the left hand palm up and the right
palm facing down. This has the effect of aligning the elbows correctly
and simplifying the TOK SAU and JUT SAU movements.
108 Apply energy
as a left JUT SAU and right TOK SAU in the last few inches of the
movement, completing the sequence of three alternating TOK SAU and
JUT SAU energies.
109 Change the left
hand to a vertical palm and push it out relaxed along the centreline,
at the same time the right hand drops and is brought back passively
along the centreline underneath the left hand.
110 The left arm
is thrust out as a VERTICAL PALM STRIKE, while the right arm is brought
back relaxed as a WU
111 Relax the left
arm and drop it slightly to allow the right hand to progress out along
the centreline as a vertical palm.
112 Execute a VERTICAL
PALM STRIKE, concentrate on focusing your energy in the last few inches
while assuming the WU
SAU position with the left arm without undue tension.
113 Relax the tension
in the right arm and bring it back toward the body dropping slightly,
the left hand as a vertical palm is pushed out along the centreline
for the third and final palm strike.
114 The left hand
is pushed out relaxed until it is a few inches from full extension
while the right arm, instead of returning to a WU
SAU, continues back toward the rest position.
115 Complete the
VERTICAL PALM STRIKE using total tension in the left arm as the right
arm comes to rest at the side of the chest in an active movement focusing
energy in the elbow.
116 Bring the left
arm horizontally across the chest forming a LAN SAU position while
maintaining the right arm in the rest position, relaxed as you initiate
a turn into a left stance.
117 Gradually shift
your weight onto the right leg while turning in your stance, keep
the left arm in a LAN SAU position square onto the body.
118 Complete the
turn into the left stance with all the weight on the right leg, total
tension expressed in the LAN SAU and the stance. Correct position
is essential to understand the energy involved, its direction and
use, failure to do so will result in a void in your Wing Chun knowledge,
not only in how a technique works but more importantly how you develop
as an individual.
119 Bring the right
arm out onto the left LAN SAU as a TAN
SAU, wrist on the centreline. Shift your weight toward the left
leg as you turn, lift the left elbow as the wrist is extended forward,
the right hand changes to a vertical position. The only tension in
the body is that necessary to hold the required posture.
120 With a completed
turn into a right stance, the left arm is held as a TURNING BONG
SAU, elbow at shoulder level and the forearm angled down and forward
from the elbow. The right arm is in a WU
SAU, hand and fingers vertical with the palm parallel with the
centreline, the wrist held halfway between the body and the left forearm.
121 Relax the arms
slightly from their positions as you begin to shift your weight to
change to a left stance.
122 When all of
your weight has transferred onto the right leg, the change to a left
stance is complete. The right arm is brought back actively To the
rest position at the side of the chest while the left arm returns
to the LAN SAU with total tension throughout, linking the energy of
the stance to that of the arm and concentrating it in the elbow, in
application this energy protects your elbow against control by an
123 The sequence
of alternating TURNING BONG
SAU and LAN SAU begins for the second time by bringing the right
arm out as a TAN
SAUon the centreline on top of the left LAN SAU. Then as the stance
starts to shift with the weight passing onto the left leg the left
arm relaxes from the LAN SAU position and the elbow is lifted while
the wrist is extended out, the right arm is brought out forward with
the hand vertical.
124 Complete the
move into the right stance with left arm in a TURNING BONG
SAU and the right arm as a WU
SAU. Check all stance and arm positions; remember only to be satisfied
with perfection, though not forgetting to appreciate your own progress
as criticism is not always negative.
125 Return your
weight toward the right leg as you start the turn into a left stance
while relaxing the arms from their positions. Feel the changes from
relaxation to tension when you alternate between the TURNING BONG
SAU and LAN SAU. Developing your sense of relaxation can be very
difficult, if you slow the moves down considerably when first learning
you emphasize the relaxed phase, enabling a greater understanding
of the moment of transition into tension and therefore a refinement
of your use of energy.
126 Complete the
left stance with the left arm in a LAN SAU position, expressing energy
throughout the arm and stance, concentrated in the elbow while the
right arm is brought back to the rest position at the side of the
127 Begin the sequence
for the third and final time with the right arm brought out as a TAN
SAU on the centreline and touching the left LAN SAU. Shift your
weight and begin to turn to a right stance, pivoting on your heels.
Relax the arms out forward ready to assume the left TURNING BONG
SAU and WU
128 Complete the
turn into the right stance with all of the weight on the left leg
and the feet parallel. The left TURNING BONG
SAU and right WU
SAU are held in position relaxed.
129 Initiate the
turn to a left stance and relax the arms slightly from their positions.
130 Complete the
turn using correct energy throughout the stance and LAN SAU. Check
all positions and alignments, keeping the eyes looking horizontally
directly out along the centreline. All of the way through Chum Kiu
keep your eyes serious, always horizontal and concentrated out along
the centreline, this will also help you check your position when shifting
the stance through 180 and 90-degrees, start Chum Kiu parallel with
a wall and use the square nature of the room to give precise reference
points to guide your understanding of your movements between stances.
131 Bring the right
arm out to rest on the left LAN SAU as a vertical fist.
132 Hold the stance
and vertical fist position and drop the left elbow so that a left
SAU position is formed.
after the TAN
SAU position is formed execute a right CENTRELINE PUNCH, while
the left arm is brought back to the rest position at the side of the
134 Relax the tension
in the right arm and begin t bring it across the chest horizontally,
initiating a BIU SAU movement as you return to a forward neutral stance.
The left arm remains in the rest position.
135 When the forward
neutral stance is complete the arm continues its horizontal path,
remember that it is the palm heel of the hand that is the striking
area so concentrate on understanding the direction of its energy.
136 The BIU SAU
is complete with the PALM HEEL STRIKE, the arm is straight and in
line with the shoulders, the direction of the energy is sideways following
137 Relax the arm
from the BIU SAU position, bringing the wrist back toward the centreline
dropping as it travels.
138 As it arrives
onto the centreline, energy is expressed in the last few inches as
a JAM SAU, the hand and fingers are vertical and the thumb is bent,
tension throughout the arm.
139 Maintain the
right arm position; bring the left hand out palm up with the wrist
on top of the right wrist, the fingers pointing forward.
140 Push the left
hand out, palm up, along the centreline as the right arm begins to
be pulled back to the rest position.
141 Extend the left
arm out as a palm up BIU GEE with the energy expressed at the fingertips
in the last few inches while the right arm returns to the rest position
at the side of the chest.
142 With the arm
locked out straight pull the fingers back creating tension in the
forearm and slowly rotate the hand as a HUEN SAU.
143 Continue the
tension in the HUEN SAU until the hand reaches a natural stop point
144 When the hand
relaxes close the hand as a horizontal fist. Snapping the hand shut
can help you to train a fast grabbing technique linked to the powerful
grip that is developed by the HUEN SAU exercise, this can be used
in control techniques, especially in LAP SAU and GUM SAUs, though
it should be understood not as a secret application, only as a by-product
of the movement.
145 Pull the left
arm back to the rest position at the side of the chest. This completes
the first third of Chum Kiu.
| First half of first section | First
section completion | Second section
| Completion |