93 With the start
of the second section of SIU LIM TAO the emphasis shifts to learning
how to express the energy that has been developed through the first
section, by practising the use of that energy in the last six inches
of the movements.
94 The second third
begins by opening the left hand with the palm facing up.
95 As the hand relaxes
down it turns to face palm down, the movement stays relaxed and controlled
until the hand reaches hip level.
96 After the hand
passes hip level the palm is pushed down with energy as a GUM SAU.
Tension in the last six inches creates power in the palm heel, the
arm is held slightly away off the body, with the fingers pointing
back toward the leg.
97 The right hand
opens, at first with the palm up and then turns palm down as the hand
is dropped relaxed to hip level.
98 The palm is thrust
down with the energy expressed in the last six inches as a GUM SAU,
keeping the arm slightly off the body and the fingers pointing back
toward the leg.
99 Bring both hands
simultaneously behind the back placing them at the base of the spine
with the first joint of the thumbs and the tips of the forefingers
100 Both hands move
out relaxed at first then thrust out in the last six inches as a double
rear GUM SAU. It is important to place the energy in the palm heels
and to push them out horizontally with the fingers pointing back toward
the body where they would not interfere with any contact made.
101 Relax the tension
in the arms and bring the hands over the hips.
102 The hands are
brought to rest in front of the hips, the elbows in a natural position
at the side of the body.
103 Both hands together
are now thrust out with the tension being restricted to the last six
inches of the movement.
104 It is useful
at this stage to concentrate on practising the GUM SAUs on their
own as they are simple moves which make it easier to focus on what
you are trying to achieve and understand the importance of the relationship
between relaxation and tension, which is the basis of the energy of
105 Lift the arms
up in front of the chest and hold in a LAN SAU or bar arm
position, no tension, with the left arm on top the arms are close
but not touching. The arms are held horizontally at chest level, the
level they are held is critical, too high and the shoulders will be
affected, too low and the structure of the LAN SAU will be lost. LAN
SAUs strength relies more upon the mechanics of the arm than
the muscles involved.
106 Open the arms
out horizontally, elbows leading. It is easy to misinterpret the movement
in this technique, the main error in practising this move is that
action is more of a swinging out of the arms with the hands following
a circular trajectory, whereas the movement follows one of the basic
principles of Wing Chun, that is the Straight Line theory,
the palm heel describes a straight line from the point where it exists
in the LAN SAU to its finish as a contact point of the SIDE BIU SAU.
107 The arms straighten
out using the palm heel of the hand edge to strike with; the hands
are kept flat throughout, though the fingers point slightly forward.
This is a SIDE BIU SAU, the energy is directed straight out sideways
and in the last six inches.
108 Bring the arms
back to the LAN SAU position with the right arm on top, fingertips
level with the elbows and the forearms horizontal but not touching.
109 The left hand
is brought inside the right LAN SAU and then both elbows are relaxed
down while keeping the hands held high.
110 Continue to
drop the elbows in until the forearms have uncrossed, at this point
there is still no tension in the arms.
111 Both arms fall
simultaneously into tension as a JUM SAU energy. Wrist at a slightly
higher level than the elbow, never below. Elbows are held about six
inches apart, the forearms narrow toward the wrist. The hands are
angled in a slight V, fingers straight, thumb bent, total
112 This is the
HIGH JUM SAU position, which differs from the LOW JUM SAU position
that exists in the first third only in how the arm is held. The principles
behind each are the same it is in their application where there is
variation, one being defensive and the other offensive. The LOW JUM
SAU becomes more evident in CHUM KIU and BIU JEE.
113 Relax the JUM
SAU energy and bring the elbows in toward the centreline, the palms
turn up so that the arms form a DOUBLE TAN SAU position.
114 Turn the palms
to face down and at the same time allow the elbows to drift out from
the centreline. When the palms become horizontal the elbows are jerked
back about six inches toward the body, the elbows should be resting
naturally by the side of the body. The hand is angled slightly up
from the wrist with the fingers straight and the thumbs bent. The
whole movement is continuous, the energy expressed through the elbow
and focused in the wrist as a sharp pull back, this is the JUT SAU.
115 Thrust the fingers
out relaxed at first, changing to tension in the last six inches as
a BIU JEE finger strike with the arms straight and your hand slightly
angled up from the wrist.
116 Keep the hands
and fingers straight with the elbows locked and drop the wrists down.
117 Continue the
movement down and in the last six inches bring the arms into tension.
This is a downward JUT SAU type energy expressed through straight
118 Bend the wrists
dropping the hands down, press the thumbs to the second fingers and
group the other fingers around, similar to the FOOK
SAU of the first section.
119 Lift the arms
up to shoulder level with energy expressed in the last six inches
and focused in the back of the wrist. The elbows must be kept locked
out so you can understand that you can still generate energy with
a straight arm and that it is not essential to bend the elbow before
power can be demonstrated.
120 Run through
the HUEN SAU procedure to close the hands into fists held horizontally
with the back of the hand up.
121 The arms are
pulled back to the rest position at the side of the body. Always be
careful to check your arm structure and stance, as it is easy to relax
your concentration and drift out of correct position.
122 This completes
the second third of SIU LIM TAO.
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